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Gambling games burial

Postby Akizahn В» 27.02.2020

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The Atari video game burial was a mass burial of unsold video game cartridges , consoles, and computers in a New Mexico landfill site, undertaken by American video game and home computer company Atari, Inc. Up until , the goods buried were rumored to be unsold copies of E. Since the burial was first reported in the press, there had been doubts as to its veracity and scope, leading to it being frequently dismissed as an urban legend.

In either case the event had become a cultural icon and a reminder of the North American video game crash of ; it was the end result of a disastrous fiscal year which saw Atari, Inc.

Though it was believed that millions of copies of E. In , Fuel Industries , Microsoft , and others worked with the New Mexico government to excavate the site to validate the contents of the landfill as part of a documentary called Atari: Game Over. On April 26, , the excavation revealed discarded games and hardware.

Only a small fraction, about 1, cartridges, were recovered during the excavation period, with a portion given for curation and the rest auctioned to raise money for a museum to commemorate the burial. Atari, Inc.

Kassar was later cleared of any wrongdoing, although he was forced to resign his position the following July. Atari's tendency to port arcade games for its home console had led to some of its most commercially successful games, including the port of its own coin-op Asteroids , and the licensed versions of Taito 's Space Invaders and Namco 's Pac-Man. When the latter game received its official port to the Atari , Atari was confident that sales figures would be high, and manufactured 12 million cartridges—despite having sold only around 10 million Atari consoles.

Further to the problems caused by Pac-Man ' s underwhelming sales, Atari also faced great difficulty as a result of its video game adaptation of the film E.

The game, also titled E. T the Extra-Terrestrial games, along with an increase in competition, prompted retailers to demand official return programs from video game manufacturers. The failures of these titles were further compounded by Atari's business dealings from Confident in strong sales, the company had told its distributors to place their orders all at once. However, video game sales in had slowed, and distributors who had ordered en masse in expectation of high turnover were left to simply return large quantities of unsold stock to Atari.

As a result, the company soon found itself in possession of several million essentially useless video game cartridges, which it would be entirely unable to sell. In September , the Alamogordo Daily News of Alamogordo , New Mexico reported in a series of articles, that between 10 and 20 [16] semi-trailer truckloads of Atari boxes, cartridges, and systems from an Atari storehouse in El Paso, Texas , were crushed and buried at the landfill within the city.

It was Atari's first dealings with the landfill, which was chosen because no scavenging was allowed and its garbage was crushed and buried nightly. Atari's stated reason for the burial was that it was changing from Atari to Atari games, [17] but this was later contradicted by a worker who claimed that this was not the case. On September 27, , the news service UPI reported that "people watching the operation said it included cassettes [ sic ] of the popular video games E. Pac-Man , the consoles used to convey the games to television screens and high-priced personal computers.

An Atari representative confirmed the story for the newspaper, stating that the discarded inventory came from Atari's plant in El Paso, which was being closed and converted to a recycling facility. The Times article never suggested any of the specific game titles being destroyed, but subsequent reports have generally linked the story of the dumping to the well-known failure of E. Starting on September 29, , a layer of concrete was poured on top of the crushed materials, a rare occurrence in waste disposal.

An anonymous workman's stated reason for the concrete was: "There are dead animals down there. We wouldn't want any children to get hurt digging in the dump.

Due to Atari's unpopular dumping, Alamogordo later passed an Emergency Management Act and created the Emergency Management Task Force to limit the future flexibility of the garbage contractor to secure outside business for the landfill for monetary purposes. Alamogordo's then- mayor , Henry Pacelli, commented that, "We do not want to see something like this happen again.

All of these factors have led to wide speculation that most of the 3. The conflicting information surrounding the burial has led to the claim of it being an "E.

Dump" being referred to as an urban legend , [26] which in turn has led to a degree of skepticism and doubt over the veracity of the dumping story itself, and the relevance of conflating the event with the later industry downturn. Warshaw also believes that Atari's downfall was more a result of their business practices—including alleged block booking of poorly selling games with successful ones when dealing with distributors—than any specific failed games.

The incident has also become something of a cultural symbol representative of the North American video game crash of , often cited as a cautionary tale about the hubris of poor business practices, [31] [32] [33] despite suggestions that the burial allowed the company to write off the disposed-of material for tax relief purposes.

The legacy of the burial has led it to be referenced in popular culture. The music video for the song "When I Wake Up" by Wintergreen depicts the band traveling to the landfill site and proceeding to dig up the abandoned cartridges; [34] the video's director Keith Schofield had worked with video game-based music videos before. Weiss features a scene which takes place outside of Alamogordo, in which two of the characters discuss a parking lot which has been built over the site of the burial.

On May 28, , the Alamogordo City Commission granted Fuel Industries , a Canadian entertainment company, six months of access to the landfill to film a documentary called Atari: Game Over about the burial and to excavate the dump site. Excavation started on April 26, as an open event to the public. Ortega stated that although he and his friends found dozens of quality games, they gave the E.

Heller revealed that he had originally ordered the site to be covered in concrete. Contrary to the urban legend that claims millions of cartridges were buried there, Heller stated that only , cartridges were buried. Remnants of E. Only about [50] cartridges of the estimated , were removed from the burial, as the remaining materials were deeper than expected, which made them more difficult to access, according to Alamogordo mayor Susie Galea. The burial was refilled following this event.

The documentary Atari: Game Over , which features the burial site and its excavation, was released on November 20, Of the recovered materials, a fraction has been given to the New Mexico Museum of Space History for display, and another to the documentary producers Lightbox and Fuel Entertainment.

Galea believes the remaining cartridges can be sold by the city of Alamogordo through the Museum of Space History. She hopes that the sale of these games can help fund recognition of the burial site as a tourist attraction in the future. About cartridges remain to be sold at a later date given the historical value of the cartridges.

One of the E. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This audio file was created from a revision of the article " Atari video game burial " dated , and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article.

Audio help. More spoken articles. Archived from the original on January 3, Retrieved September 10, Archived from the original on August 4, Retrieved July 16, Business Week. May 24, Retro Gamer 93 : Archived from the original on December 2, Next Generation Magazine 40 : The Ultimate History of Video Games. Three Rivers Press. Retrieved March 10, New York.

PC World. Archived from the original on September 6, Retrieved September 19, Archived from the original on July 26, Alamogordo Daily News. The number of actual trucks which have dumped locally was not known.

Local BFI officials put it at However, corporate spokesmen in Houston say it was closer to 20; and city officials say it is actually Moore said the truck drivers told him the reason they were dumping the games is that they are changing from series to games, due to excessive amount of black-marketing. He identified himself as being from Atari, but would not give his name. He also said the burial of the items did not mean a move away from the series of Atari games towards just offering the Atari , and said the items buried were just cartridges.

The Hawk Eye. The New York Times. September 28, Archived from the original on February 9, Dog Ear Publishing. Cartridge Consoles. The Atari Museum. Archived from the original on March 25, Retrieved November 24, Pacific Historical Review. University of California Press. MIT Press. Travel Organization Network Exchange, Inc. The Rough Guide to Videogames. Rough Guides. The A. Archived from the original on June 5, Archived from the original on March 29,

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Re: gambling games burial

Postby Arakora В» 27.02.2020

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