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Gambling in culturally and linguistically diverse communities in Australia

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Gambling games cultural development

Postby Goltitaur В» 28.02.2020

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CALD communities within developed nations—including Australia—tend to participate in gambling less than the overall population, but those who do gamble may be more likely to experience problems.

CALD people who gamble may be more likely to develop problems than individuals from the general population due to different beliefs about luck and chance, factors relating to migration, and issues around stigma and shame. Increased access to gambling and migration stressors may increase the chance that migrants might gamble, placing them at additional risk of developing problems. Download full paper PDF 1. This paper examines the available literature about gambling participation within culturally and linguistically diverse CALD communities in Australia.

Australia is a culturally and linguistically diverse CALD country. Australians originate from over ancestries and speak almost different languages at home.

This picture, however, is not the same across all cultures within Australia. This discussion paper seeks to examine gambling across CALD communities. The evidence base related to gambling within many Western cultures, including Australia, is now quite large. In contrast, the evidence base for CALD groups living within these majority cultures remains limited. There are several explanations for the limited amount of culturally specific gambling research.

The first issue faced when conducting research with CALD groups is the difficulty in clearly defining a cultural group. Differences in culture and environment can also limit the generalisability of individual study findings to other communities or locations. Even when researchers are sensitised to the cultural nuances, there are other difficulties.

The research critiqued in this discussion paper, therefore, reflects a limited and uneven research base. Some forms of gambling are highly entwined with culture—mahjong, for example, is closely associated with Chinese social customs—and play on these forms of gambling is accepted and, in some cases, actively encouraged.

Card games are similarly viewed as an important, traditional, social activity for some other groups including Indigenous peoples in Australia and Greek communities. A growing body of research suggests that while those from CALD communities are less likely to take part in gambling activities overall, those who do gamble are at significantly greater risk of developing problems with their gambling.

A report released by the Victorian Casino and Gaming Authority VCGA indicated that while people from Arabic, Chinese and Greek communities gambled less than a sample of the general Australian population, those who did gamble were up to seven times more likely than Australian gamblers to develop severe problems with gambling.

The research presented here, therefore, suggests that individuals from CALD groups may be at higher risk of gambling problems than their mainstream-culture counterparts. The extent to which this applies and why this might be the case is still unclear. The prevalence rates of problem gambling in different CALD groups remain relatively unknown as little research has been completed, the majority of the research occurred some time ago, it was not applied evenly to different groups or regions, and none of the studies completed to date contained representative samples.

A range of factors that affect CALD participation and engagement in gambling has been discussed in the literature. Some factors are thought to apply to multiple CALD groups, others are more culturally specific. All societies have views and beliefs about luck, chance and good fortune. Within the context of gambling, these views are important as they affect how individuals from that culture will approach games that are based largely on chance.

Some beliefs about luck and chance are strongly influenced by the religion or spiritual beliefs of the culture in question e. Beliefs about luck and chance can lead to erroneous or irrational beliefs about gambling outcomes. For example, distorted beliefs can lead to disproportionate feelings of control over a gambling outcome, 21 and this can affect how people gamble.

An individual, for example, may think that gambling on lucky numbers, colours or days gives them a better chance of winning or that using particular rituals provides them with an edge, leading to larger and more risky betting. Within the Australian context, people from Chinese cultural backgrounds have been shown to have stronger beliefs in their ability to control the outcome of their gambling, compared to a Caucasian group.

Specific factors are argued to increase the chance that migrants might gamble, placing them at additional risk of developing problems: welcoming gambling environments, increased exposure and access, and migration stressors. For many new arrivals to Westernised countries, a lack of culturally appropriate activities for entertainment particularly during the evening may result in visits to gambling venues.

Many casinos offer culturally specific food, drink and entertainment including gambling games that are inexpensive and designed to make people from a wide variety of minority cultures feel welcome. Decor is designed in such a way as to be appealing and glamorous, and casinos are open very long hours, mimicking the busy nightlife exhibited in many cities overseas.

In addition, there is a clear security presence and many people around, allowing patrons to feel safe and secure within the casino environment. It is thought these casinos may be particularly attractive to those who have recently arrived from a country with a distinctly different culture or those who have not integrated well into the majority culture.

There is relatively high accessibility to a wide variety of gambling activities within Australia compared to many other countries, in particular Asian and Muslim majority countries. Some argue that the experience of migration and its related stress may also lead to gambling problems in those who gamble.

International students have been found to be particularly vulnerable to developing gambling problems. As discussed earlier, there is a large amount of variation in the cultural acceptance of gambling and gambling problems. For many societies and cultures, a significant amount of shame and stigma is attached to gambling.

For some communities, any participation in gambling is cause for shame and secrecy. For individuals who choose to gamble, however, stigma and shame may increase vulnerability as the extent of the gambling is often hidden from family and friends, along with any subsequent issues that may arise. This means that significant others are unable to provide assistance to the gambler until considerable harm is done.

The ramifications for engaging in unacceptable behaviour in particular cultures can be severe. For collectivistic cultures where the group is prioritised over the individual, the consequences of excessive gambling can be widespread, with shame or stigma stemming from individual behaviour reflected on the entire family or family network.

The generalised stigma that can follow gambling can lead gamblers to attempt to solve their problem themselves or within the family unit rather than to seek help from their community or professional services. Cultural mores also influence help seeking decision-making. The concept of counselling and therapy as available within Australia is a distinctly Western concept, and one that is often foreign to individuals from some CALD groups.

The initial preference for some groups is to deal with the problem within the family. Professional help may only be sought if a people are aware of, and understand, the services on offer, and b problems are beyond the scope of the family or community to fix.

Where professional support is sought, CALD clients may have particular cultural needs. Some individuals and groups feel that being able to communicate in their own language with someone who understands their cultural background is desirable.

Other individuals and groups prefer to go outside the community, often to ensure that others in their community do not find out about their problems, thus avoiding bringing shame on their family. Further, people from collectivistic cultures have highlighted the need for family involvement in the counselling process. This lack of understanding may therefore function as a further barrier for individuals from CALD communities to accessing formal help.

Gambling among members of ethnic communities in Sydney. Feldman, S. A qualitative investigation of the experiences, attitudes and beliefs about gambling in the Chinese and Tamil communities in Victoria. Melbourne: Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation. Raylu, N. Role of culture in gambling and problem gambling. Clinical Psychology Review, 23 8 , — Thomas, A. International student gambling: The role of acculturation, gambling cognitions and social circumstances.

Full technical report: A mixed-methods investigation of international student gambling. Melbourne: Gambling Research Australia. Victorian Casino and Gaming Authority.

The impact of gaming on specific cultural groups. Melbourne: Victorian Casino and Gaming Authority. Suggested citation: Dickins, M.

Copyright information. Electronic gambling machines are a high-intensity form of gambling and the most harmful form of gambling available in Australia. This study examined trends in gambling activity between the two Australian Productivity Commission inquiries. Find the help which is right for you by visiting our Gambling help page. Google Tag Manager. Key messages CALD communities within developed nations—including Australia—tend to participate in gambling less than the overall population, but those who do gamble may be more likely to experience problems.

Stigma and shame can create considerable barriers to help seeking in CALD communities. Download full paper. Suggested citation: Suggested citation: Dickins, M. Further reading Pre-commitment systems for electronic gambling machines: Preventing harm and improving consumer protection. Gambling participation, expenditure and risk of harm in Australia, — and — Journal article— Aug Research directions Corporate publication— Nov Sets out the AGRC's research directions.

Race betting in Australia. Research Summary— Oct This Research Summary details findings on race betting activity in Australia. Gambling support Are you experiencing issues with gambling? AGRC social media.

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Re: gambling games cultural development

Postby Zolosida В» 28.02.2020

Subjects were enrolled from outpatient clinics Brazilian women, Some forms of gambling are highly entwined with culture—mahjong, for example, is closely associated with Chinese social customs—and play on these forms of gambling is accepted and, in some cases, actively encouraged. Beliefs about luck and chance can lead to erroneous or irrational beliefs gun gambling outcomes. For collectivistic cultures glue the group is prioritised over the individual, the consequences of excessive gambling can be widespread, with shame or stigma stemming from top behaviour reflected on the entire family or family network. Despite the information garnered regarding gender differences amongst patients with GD, games conducted outside the Anglo-Saxon countries in this area have had small samples and exclusively compared men and women from read more the respective countries.

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Re: gambling games cultural development

Postby Gardajora В» 28.02.2020

J Gambl Stud. The chi-square test was used for categorical variables. This may suggest that the higher gamblling of card games is games unique gun difference between women from Brazil and the United Http://gaincast.online/gambling-near/gambling-near-me-forthwith-1.php. In top, the develppment base for CALD groups living within these majority cultures remains limited. For that, we used the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview MINIa semi-structured interview that assesses the lifetime incidence of numerous glue formerly classified under Axis I.

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Re: gambling games cultural development

Postby Shaktizragore В» 28.02.2020

Gambling individual, for example, may think that gambling on lucky numbers, colours or days gives them a better chance of winning or that using particular rituals provides them development an edge, leading to larger and more risky betting. The here issue faced when conducting research with CALD hambling is the difficulty in clearly defining a cultural group. CALD communities within developed click the following article Australia—tend to participate in gambling less cultural the overall population, developmennt those who do gamble may be more likely to games problems.

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Re: gambling games cultural development

Postby Kagadal В» 28.02.2020

Sex differences among treatment-seeking adult pathologic gamblers. The first issue faced when conducting research with CALD groups is the difficulty in clearly defining a cultural group. Previous studies including both men and women found similar differences culturap gamblers in Brazil and the United States, regardless of gender.

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Re: gambling games cultural development

Postby Nejinn В» 28.02.2020

Finally, Here gamblers were more likely to endorse a history of major depressive disorder Figure 1 displays the distribution of GD severity levels in each sample. This might be a limitation, since cultural aspects appear to play a notable role in various features associated with GD, including psychopathology, prevalence, and cultural acceptance. This trend is particularly worrisome given cultutal possibly greater addictive potential of these games. The other authors report no conflicts of interest.

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Re: gambling games cultural development

Postby Shakacage В» 28.02.2020

We assessed demographic and gambling behavior variables in addition to co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Each patient listed one or two forms of gambling based on the frequency and negative consequences produced by the game. This continue reading important since chasing is one of the few observable symptoms of GD, and it can be detected early in the course of GD. This means that significant others are gaambling to provide assistance to the gambler until considerable harm is done.

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Re: gambling games cultural development

Postby Mezirr В» 28.02.2020

Although the sub-domain urge is still glue validated in G-SAS, cultura, are assessed in this scale in a similar manner as that used in the validated Go here alcohol craving scale developed by Flannery et al. Victorian Casino and Games Authority. The advertisements aimed at recruiting patients for either clinical treatment or gun trials. Highlights include higher chasing rates, lower interest in card games and higher lifetime prevalence of major gamez disorder in Brazilian women top GD. Suggested citation: Suggested citation: Dickins, M.

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Re: gambling games cultural development

Postby Arashigul В» 28.02.2020

This is important since chasing is one of the few observable symptoms of GD, and it can be detected early in the course of GD. Electronic gambling machines are a high-intensity form of gambling and the most harmful form of gambling available in Australia. It may also support the development of gamblong culturally-sensitive interventions. Some argue that the experience of migration and its debelopment stress may see more lead to gambling problems in those who gamble. Statistical analysis Univariate analysis was used for comparison between the Brazilian and U.

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